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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 


 

FORM 10-K/A

 

Amendment No. 1

 

x

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

 

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2008

 

o

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

Commission File Number 000-30229

 

SONUS NETWORKS, INC.

(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)

 

DELAWARE
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)

 

04-3387074
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

7 Technology Park Drive, Westford, Massachusetts 01886

(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)

 

(978) 614-8100

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class

 

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common Stock, par value $0.001

 

The NASDAQ Global Select Market

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.
Yes 
o  No x

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.
Yes 
o  No x

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x   No o

 

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of the registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See definition of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

Large accelerated filer x

 

Accelerated filer o

 

Non-accelerated filer o
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

 

Smaller reporting company o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
Yes 
o  No x

 

The aggregate market value of the common stock held by non-affiliates of the Registrant was approximately $899,837,000 based on the closing price for the Common Stock on the NASDAQ Global Select Market on June 30, 2008. As of February 19, 2009, there were 272,997,400 shares of common stock, $0.001 par value, outstanding.

 

 

 



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SONUS NETWORKS, INC.

FORM 10-K/A

Amendment No. 1

YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2008

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

Item

 

Page

 

Explanatory Note

1

Part III

 

10.

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

2

11.

Executive Compensation

14

12.

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

32

13.

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

35

14.

Principal Accounting Fees and Services

36

Part IV

 

15.

Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules

38

 

Signatures

39

 

Exhibit Index

40

 



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Explanatory Note

 

This Amendment No. 1 (this “Amendment”) on Form 10-K/A to the Annual Report on Form 10-K (the “Initial Filing”) of Sonus Networks, Inc., a Delaware corporation (the “Company”), for the year ended December 31, 2008, which was filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or the SEC, on February 26, 2009, is being filed solely for the limited purpose of amending Items 10 through 14 to reflect the inclusion of the information required by the Form 10-K and Part IV, Item 15. The Initial Filing contemplated the incorporation of such information from a Proxy Statement to be filed by the Company within 120 days following the end of the Company’s year ended December 31, 2008. The Company does not believe that such Proxy Statement will be filed within the requisite 120-day time period and, accordingly, is including the information required by Items 10 through 14 of the Form 10-K through this Amendment as contemplated by instruction G(3) to the Form 10-K.

 

Except as contained herein, this Amendment does not modify or update disclosures contained in the Initial Filing. This Amendment should be read in conjunction with the Company’s other filings made with the SEC subsequent to the date of the Initial Filing, including any amendments to those filings, as well as any Current Reports filed on Form 8-K subsequent to the date of the Initial Filing, if any. In addition, in accordance with applicable rules and regulations promulgated by the SEC, this Amendment includes updated certificates from our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer as Exhibits 31.1, 31.2, 32.1 and 32.2.

 

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PART III

 

Item 10.  Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

 

BOARD OF DIRECTORS

 

Our Board is presently composed of seven members, six of whom are independent within our director independence standards, which are consistent with the director independence standards of the NASDAQ Stock Market Marketplace Rules. At the 2009 Annual Meeting of Stockholders, or the 2009 Annual Meeting, two directors will be up for election.

 

Biographical information regarding each director of the Company is set forth below.

 

Directors Whose Terms Will Expire in 2009

 

Richard N. Nottenburg, Ph. D., 55, has been our President, Chief Executive Officer and a director since June 2008, and is responsible for the strategic direction and management of our Company. From 2004 until 2008, Dr. Nottenburg was an officer with Motorola, Inc., ultimately serving as its Executive Vice President, Chief Strategy Officer and Chief Technology Officer. While at Motorola, Dr. Nottenburg was responsible for shaping Motorola’s overall corporate strategy. Prior to joining Motorola as an officer in July 2004, Dr. Nottenburg was a strategic consultant to the company from January 2004 to July 2004. Prior to that, Dr. Nottenburg was Vice President and General Manager of Vitesse Semiconductor Corporation after its merger with Multilink Technology Corporation in 2003. From 1995 to 2003, Dr. Nottenburg served as President and Chief Executive Officer of Multilink leading the company from inception to a successful initial public offering in 2001. He holds a Doctor of Science Degree in Electrical Engineering from the Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne in Lausanne, Switzerland, a Master of Science Degree in Electrical Engineering from Colorado State University and a Bachelor of Science Degree in Electrical Engineering from Polytechnic Institute of New York.

 

Scott E. Schubert, 54, has been a director since February 2009. From 2005 until June 2008, Mr. Schubert served as Chief Financial Officer of TransUnion LLC. From 2003 to 2005, Mr. Schubert served as Chief Financial Officer and, prior to that, Executive Vice President of Corporate Development of NTL, Inc. (now Virgin Media, Inc.). From 1999 to 2003, Mr. Schubert held the position of Chief Financial Officer of Williams Communications Group, Inc., a high technology company, which emerged from bankruptcy in October 2002 as WilTel Communications Group, Inc. Mr. Schubert also served as head of BP Amoco’s Global Financial Services, leading the initial integration of BP and Amoco’s worldwide financial operations following the merger of the two companies. Mr. Schubert is a graduate of the Krannert School of Business at Purdue University where he completed his MBA degree in Finance and Economics in 1976. He also earned his Bachelor of Science degree at Purdue in 1975, with dual majors in Engineering and Accounting.

 

Directors Whose Terms Will Expire in 2010

 

Howard E. Janzen, 55, has been a director since January 2006 and the Chairman of the Board since December 2008. Mr. Janzen has been Chief Executive Officer of One Communications, a supplier of integrated advanced telecommunications solutions to businesses, since March 2007 and has served on the Board of Directors of One Communications since June 2007. He served as President of Sprint Business Solutions, the business unit serving Sprint’s business customer base with almost 10,000 employees and $12 billion in annual revenue, from January 2004 to September 2005. From May 2003 to January 2004, he was President of Sprint’s Global Markets Group, responsible for Sprint’s long distance service for both consumer and business customers. From October 2002 to May 2003, Mr. Janzen was President and Chief Executive Officer of Janzen Ventures, Inc., a private investment business venture. From 1994 until October 2002, Mr. Janzen served as President and Chief Executive Officer, and Chairman from 2001, of Williams Communications Group, Inc., a high technology company, which emerged from bankruptcy in October 2002 as WilTel Communications Group, Inc. Mr. Janzen currently serves as a member of the Boards of Directors of Global Telecom & Technology, Inc. and Macrosolve, Inc. He also serves on the Governor’s Science and Technology Council for the State of Oklahoma and is a Commissioner and Chairman for the Global Information Infrastructure Commission (GIIC). Mr. Janzen received his B.S and M.S. degrees in Metallurgical Engineering from the Colorado School of Mines. He also has completed the Harvard Business School Program for Management Development.

 

H. Brian Thompson, 70, has been a director since October 2003. Mr. Thompson has been Executive Chairman of Global Telecom and Technology (GTT), a leading global network integrator, since October 2006 and continues to head his own private equity investment and advisory firm, Universal Telecommunications, Inc. From December 2002 to June 2007, Mr. Thompson was Chairman of Comsat International, an independent telecommunications operator serving all of Latin America. He currently

 

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serves as a member of the Boards of Directors of Axcelis Technologies, Inc., ICO Global Communications (Holdings) Limited and Penske Automotive Group, Inc. He received his M.B.A. from Harvard University’s Graduate School of Business, and received an undergraduate degree in chemical engineering from the University of Massachusetts.

 

Directors Whose Terms Will Expire in 2011

 

John P. Cunningham, 71, has been a director since September 2004. In June 2002, Mr. Cunningham retired from Citrix Systems, Inc., a global leader in virtual workplace software and services. From May 2001 to June 2002, Mr. Cunningham was Senior Vice President, Finance and Operations of Citrix. He joined Citrix in November 1999 as Senior Vice President, Finance and Administration and served in that capacity until May 2001. From 1998 to June 1999, Mr. Cunningham served as Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of Wang Global, a worldwide provider of network services. Prior to joining Wang, he served as Chief Financial Officer of Whirlpool Corporation from 1996 to 1998 and Chief Financial Officer of Maytag Corporation from 1994 to 1996, both diversified manufacturers. Mr. Cunningham has also held various management positions at International Business Machines. He currently serves as a member of the Board of Directors of Smart Disk Corporation. Mr. Cunningham has an M.B.A. from New York University and a B.S. from Fordham University.

 

John A. Schofield, 60, has been a director since January 2009. From 1999 to 2005, Mr. Schofield served as President, CEO and Chairman of the Board of Advanced Fibre Communications, Inc., a leading supplier of next-generation edge access equipment and multi-service broadband solutions for the telecommunications industry. From 1992 to 1999, Mr. Schofield served as Senior Vice President and then President of the Integrated Solutions Group of ADC Telecommunications, Inc., a world-wide supplier of network equipment, software solutions, and integration services for broadband and multiservice networks. Mr. Schofield currently serves as Chairman of the Board of Integrated Device Technology, Inc. Mr. Schofield has a BSEE from the NSW Institute of Technology, in Sydney Australia and is a graduate of Raytheon’s Advanced Management Program.

 

Paul J. Severino, 62, has been a director since March 1999. Mr. Severino has been an investment advisor to emerging companies and venture funds since 1996. He currently serves as a member of the Board of Directors of Analog Devices, Inc. Mr. Severino has a B.S. in engineering from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute.

 

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CORPORATE GOVERNANCE AND BOARD MATTERS

 

Corporate Governance Guidelines

 

Our Board has established Corporate Governance Guidelines to assist in the fulfillment of its responsibilities. The governance practices which are memorialized in the Corporate Governance Guidelines are intended to ensure that our Board has the necessary authority and processes to review and evaluate our business operations as needed and to make independent decisions consistent with the interests of our stockholders.

 

Our Board is responsible for overseeing our management and financial results and is committed to diligently exercising its oversight responsibilities consistent with the highest principles of business ethics, and to meeting the corporate governance requirements of both federal law and the NASDAQ Stock Market Marketplace Rules.

 

The Corporate Governance Guidelines, among other things, include information regarding the:

 

·                  various goals of the Board, as well as a description of the roles and responsibilities of its members;

 

·                  composition of the Board, including the independence of directors and an overview of the candidate selection process;

 

·                  process of meetings of the Board and the various committees; and

 

·                  policies of the Company relating to director orientation and the proper access by directors to various members of management and Company advisors.

 

In addition to its routine monitoring of best practices, during the last fiscal year our Board undertook a comprehensive review of our current corporate governance practices, the corporate governance environment and current trends, and, as a result, instituted a number of important changes, including separating the roles of Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, forming an ad hoc Corporate Development and Investment Committee to focus on uses of our cash, tax planning, strategic acquisitions, mergers and joint ventures, with the objective of enhancing stockholder value and voting to declassify our Board, a change that will be discussed in greater detail under Proposal 2 of our Proxy Statement for the 2009 Annual Meeting, as it is subject to approval by the stockholders at the upcoming 2009 Annual Meeting.

 

Corporate Code of Conduct and Ethics

 

Our Board has adopted a written Corporate Code of Conduct and Ethics, which qualifies as a “code of ethics” as defined by Item 406 of Regulation S-K of the Exchange Act. The Corporate Code of Conduct and Ethics was established to preserve Sonus’ reputation and to reaffirm its existing policy for integrity to its employees, officers and directors and to persons who deal with the Company. To ensure that that our business is conducted in a consistently legal and ethical manner, all of our directors, officers and employees must act in accordance with our Corporate Code of Conduct and Ethics.

 

Among other matters, the Corporate Code of Conduct and Ethics is designed to deter wrongdoing and to promote:

 

·                  honest and ethical conduct, including the ethical handling of actual and apparent conflicts of interest;

 

·                  proper use of Company resources;

 

·                  full, fair, accurate and timely disclosure in public communications and SEC reports;

 

·                  prompt internal reporting of violations of internal policies; and

 

·                  accountability for adherence to the Corporate Code of Conduct and Ethics.

 

Our policies and procedures cover all areas of professional conduct, including relations with vendors, conflicts of interest, financial integrity and the protection of corporate assets, as well as adherence to all laws and regulations applicable to the conduct of our business. Employees and directors are required to report any conduct that they believe in good faith to be an actual or apparent violation of the Corporate Code of Conduct and Ethics. In addition, our Audit Committee has established procedures to receive, retain and treat complaints received regarding accounting, internal accounting controls or auditing

 

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matters and to allow for the confidential and anonymous submission by employees of concerns regarding questionable accounting or auditing matters.

 

Director Independence

 

Under the NASDAQ Stock Market Marketplace Rules, a director will only qualify as an “independent director” if, in the opinion of our Board, that person does not have a relationship that would interfere with the exercise of independent judgment in carrying out the responsibilities of a director. Our Board has determined that each of John P. Cunningham, Howard E. Janzen, Paul J. Severino, John Schofield, Scott Schubert and H. Brian Thompson does not have a relationship that would interfere with the exercise of independent judgment in carrying out the responsibilities of a director and that each of these directors is an “independent director” as defined under Rule 4200(a)(15) of the NASDAQ Stock Market Marketplace Rules.

 

In determining the independence of the directors listed above, our Board considered each of the transactions specified in our related person transaction policy. There are no family relationships among our executive officers and directors.

 

Board Meetings

 

Our Board held 24 meetings during 2008. Each director who served on our Board during 2008 attended at least 75% of all Board and applicable Committee meetings during 2008. We do not have a policy regarding the attendance of directors at our annual meetings of stockholders. Six of our seven directors attended the 2008 annual meeting.

 

Board Committees

 

Our Board has three standing Committees: the Audit Committee, the Compensation Committee and the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee. Each of these Committees is composed entirely of independent directors as defined under applicable rules.

 

Audit Committee

 

Our Board has established an Audit Committee consisting of four members: Messrs. Cunningham (Chairman), Janzen, Schofield and Schubert. Each of the members of the Audit Committee is an “independent director” as defined under the rules of the NASDAQ Stock Market and the additional independence requirements for members of audit committees contemplated by Rule 10A-3 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. Our Board has determined that Mr. Cunningham is an “audit committee financial expert” as defined in Item 407(d)(5) of Regulation S-K. The Audit Committee held 20 meetings during 2008.

 

The Audit Committee operates pursuant to a written charter adopted by the Board that reflects standards and requirements adopted by the SEC and the NASDAQ Stock Market. Among other things, the purposes of the Audit Committee include:

 

·                  overseeing our accounting and financial reporting processes and the audits of our financial statements; and

 

·                  maintaining the integrity of our financial statements, the independence, qualifications and performance of our independent registered public accounting firm, and our compliance with legal requirements.

 

The duties of the Audit Committee include, among other things:

 

·                  selecting, compensating, retaining, terminating and overseeing the independent registered public accounting firm;

 

·                  considering the qualifications, independence and performance, and approving the scope of the proposed audit to be conducted by our independent registered public accounting firm and reviewing the results of the audit;

 

·                  reviewing our financial reporting processes, including the accounting principles and practices followed and the financial information provided to stockholders and others;

 

·                  overseeing our internal control over financial reporting and disclosure controls and procedures; and

 

·                  serving as our Qualified Legal Compliance Committee.

 

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The duties of the Audit Committee do not include determining whether our financial statements are complete and accurate or whether they are prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. Management of the Company is responsible for preparing our financial statements and our independent auditors are responsible for auditing those financial statements.

 

AUDIT COMMITTEE REPORT

 

The information contained in this report shall not be deemed to be “soliciting material” or “filed” or incorporated by reference in future filings with the SEC, or subject to the liabilities of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, except to the extent that we specifically request that it be treated as soliciting material or specifically incorporate it by reference into a document filed under the Securities Act of 1933 or the Exchange Act.

 

We reviewed Sonus’ audited financial statements for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2008 and discussed these financial statements with Sonus’ management, including a discussion of the quality, not just the acceptability, of the accounting principles, the reasonableness of significant judgments and the clarity of disclosures in the financial statements. Sonus’ management is responsible for Sonus’ financial reporting process, including its system of internal controls, and for the preparation of consolidated financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. Sonus’ independent registered public accounting firm, Deloitte & Touche LLP, or Deloitte, is responsible for performing an independent audit of Sonus’ financial statements in accordance with standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (“PCAOB”) and issuing a report on those financial statements and issuing a report on the effectiveness of Sonus’ internal control over financial reporting as of the end of the fiscal year. Our responsibility is to monitor and review these processes. We also reviewed and discussed with Deloitte the audited financial statements and the matters required by SEC Regulation S-X Rule 2-07 and Statement on Auditing Standards No. 61, Communication with Audit Committees, as amended (AICPA Professional Standards, Vol. 1. AU section 380), as adopted by the PCAOB.

 

Deloitte also provided us with the written disclosures and the letter required by PCAOB Ethics and Independence Rule 3526, Communications with Audit Committees Concerning Independence. This Standard requires independent registered public accounting firms annually to disclose in writing all relationships that in the independent registered public accounting firm’s professional opinion may reasonably be thought to bear on independence, to confirm their independence and to engage in a discussion of independence. We also considered whether Deloitte’s provision of other, non-audit related services to Sonus is compatible with maintaining Deloitte’s independence.

 

Based on its discussions with management and Deloitte, and our review of information provided by management and Deloitte, we recommended to the Sonus’ Board of Directors that the audited financial statements and management’s report on internal control over financial reporting be included in Sonus’ Annual Report on Form 10-K, as amended, for the year ended December 31, 2008.

 

 

Submitted by,

 

AUDIT COMMITTEE:

 

John P. Cunningham (Chairman)

 

Howard E. Janzen

 

John A. Schofield

 

Scott E. Schubert

 

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Compensation Committee

 

The Compensation Committee consists of two members: Messrs. Severino (Chairman) and Thompson. Each of the members of the Compensation Committee is an “independent director” as defined under the rules of the NASDAQ Stock Market. The Compensation Committee held 16 meetings during 2008.

 

The Compensation Committee operates pursuant to a written charter adopted by the Board that reflects standards and requirements adopted by the NASDAQ Stock Market.

 

Among other things, the responsibilities of the Compensation Committee include:

 

·                  the review and approval of the compensation, as well as evaluation of the performance, of our executive officers, including our Chief Executive Officer;

 

·                  administering the Company’s equity-based compensation plans, including the stock plans and the structure of the bonus plans;

 

·                  periodically reviewing, with input from the full Board, issues related to succession planning for the Chief Executive Officer and other members of management;

 

·                  reviewing the Company’s various public disclosures regarding compensation and preparing an annual executive compensation report for the stockholders of the Company in accordance with the rules and regulations of the SEC; and

 

·                  advising and assisting management in developing our overall compensation strategy to assure that it promotes stockholder interests, supports our strategic and tactical goals, and provides for appropriate rewards and incentives for our management and employees.

 

In exercising its responsibilities, the Compensation Committee establishes and monitors policies governing the compensation of executive officers and determines the terms, conditions, restrictions and performance criteria relating to incentive compensation.

 

Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee

 

The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee consists of two members: Messrs. Thompson (Chairman) and Janzen. Each of the members of the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee is, and each former member while serving on the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee was, an “independent director” as defined under the current rules of the NASDAQ Stock Market. The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee did not meet during 2008.

 

The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee operates under a written charter adopted by the Board that reflects standards and requirements adopted by the NASDAQ Stock Market.

 

Among other things, the purposes of the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee include:

 

·                  assisting the Board in identifying individuals qualified to serve as members of the Board;

 

·                  developing and recommending to the Board a set of corporate governance principles for the Company; and

 

·                  overseeing the evaluation of the Board and management of the Company.

 

The duties of the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee include, among other things:

 

·                  developing criteria for the selection of new directors and identifying candidates qualified to become members of the Board;

 

·                  recommending to the Board the director nominees (a) for election by the stockholders at each meeting of stockholders at which directors will be elected and (b) to fill any vacancies and newly created directorships on the Board; and

 

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·                  developing and recommending to the Board a set of corporate governance guidelines applicable to the Company and review and reassess the adequacy of such guidelines.

 

The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee encourages the selection of directors who will contribute to our overall corporate goals of responsibility to our stockholders, customers and employees. The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee reviews from time to time the appropriate skills and characteristics required of individual directors to contribute to our success in today’s business environment. The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee has the authority to engage independent advisors to assist in the process of identifying and evaluating candidates, but has not engaged any such advisors to date.

 

Director Nomination Process

 

The process followed by the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee to identify and evaluate director candidates includes requests to our Board members and others for recommendations, meetings from time to time to evaluate biographical information and background material relating to potential candidates and interviews of selected candidates by members of the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee and our Board.

 

In considering whether to recommend any particular candidate for inclusion in our Board’s slate of recommended director nominees, the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee applies the criteria generally set forth in the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee charter. There are no specific minimum qualifications for a recommended nominee to our Board, however, the Committee considers, among other skills and criteria, the following criteria for nomination as a director: demonstrated business acumen, knowledge and experience and an ability to exercise sound judgment in matters that relate to our current and long-term goals; commitment to understanding us and our industry and to regularly attend and participate in meetings of our Board and its Committees; a reputation for integrity, honesty and adherence to high ethical standards; the ability and experience to understand sometimes conflicting interests of our various constituencies; and the absence of any conflict of interest that would impair the nominee’s ability to represent the interests of all our stockholders and to fulfill the responsibilities of being a director. The Committee does not assign specific weights to particular criteria and no particular criterion is a prerequisite for each prospective nominee. Our Board believes that the backgrounds and qualifications of its directors, considered as a group, should provide a composite mix of experience, knowledge and abilities that will allow our Board to fulfill its responsibilities.

 

Stockholders may recommend individuals to the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee for consideration as potential director candidates by submitting their names, together with appropriate biographical information and background materials and a statement as to whether the stockholder or group of stockholders making the recommendation has beneficially owned no more than 5% of our common stock for at least a year as of the date such recommendation is made, to the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee, c/o Corporate Secretary, Sonus Networks, Inc., 7 Technology Park Drive, Westford, MA 01886. Assuming that appropriate biographical and background materials have been provided on a timely basis, the Committee will evaluate stockholder-recommended candidates by following substantially the same process, and applying substantially the same criteria, as it follows for candidates submitted by others.

 

Non-Executive Chairman

 

In December 2008, in furtherance of our desire to further strengthen our corporate governance policies, our Board separated the positions of Chairman and Chief Executive Officer. At that time, our Board appointed Howard E. Janzen as non-executive Chairman of the Board. The duties of the non-executive Chairman of the Board are to:

 

·                  preside at board meetings;

 

·                  preside at executive sessions or other meetings of the independent directors in coordination with the lead independent director;

 

·                  consult with the lead independent director as to agenda items for board and committee meetings;

 

·                  coordinate with committee chairs in the development and recommendations relative to board and committee meeting content and schedules; and

 

·                  provide the Chief Executive Officer’s annual performance evaluation communicating the feedback from the Compensation Committee and the Board.

 

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Lead Independent Director

 

Our independent directors have appointed Paul Severino as lead independent director to strengthen the independence and the role of the independent directors. The duties of the lead independent director are to:

 

·                  preside at board meetings in the absence of the Chairman of the Board, or upon designation by a majority of directors;

 

·                  preside at executive sessions or other meetings of the independent directors in the absence of the Chairman of the Board; and

 

·                  consult with the Chairman of the Board as to agenda items for board and committee meetings.

 

The independent directors appoint the lead independent director annually to serve for a period of one year.

 

Executive Sessions of the Board

 

Under our Corporate Governance Guidelines, our independent directors are required to meet regularly in executive session without management to review the performance of management and our Company and any related matters. Generally, executive sessions will be held in conjunction with regularly scheduled meetings of the board.

 

We expect our Board to have a least four executive sessions each year.

 

Additional Governance Matters

 

Public Availability of Corporate Governance Documents

 

Our key corporate governance documents, including our Corporate Governance Guidelines, Corporate Code of Conduct and Ethics and the charters of our Audit Committee, Compensation Committee and Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee are:

 

·                  available on our corporate website at http://www.sonusnet.com (by including the foregoing Internet address link, we do not intend to incorporate by reference to this 10-K/A material not specifically referenced herein);

 

·                  available in print to any stockholder who requests them from our corporate secretary; and

 

·                  filed as exhibits to our securities filings with the SEC.

 

Stockholder Communications with the Board of Directors

 

Stockholders may communicate with our Board by writing, e-mailing or calling our Investor Relations Department at Sonus Networks, Inc., 7 Technology Park Drive, Westford, MA 01886, Attention: Investor Relations, tel: (978) 614-8100, ir@sonusnet.com. Our Investor Relations Department will review all such communications and will forward to the chairman of the Audit Committee of our Board all communications that raise an issue appropriate for consideration by our Board. In general, communications relating to corporate governance and long-term corporate strategy are more likely to be forwarded than communications relating to ordinary business affairs, personal grievances and matters as to which we tend to receive repetitive or duplicative communications.

 

Director Compensation

 

Members of our Board who are employees or officers of Sonus receive no compensation for their service as directors. Non-employee directors are compensated for their service as directors as follows:

 

Description of Board and Committee Service

 

Board Member
Annual Fee

 

Board service and no committee service

 

$

20,000

 

Board service and one committee other than Audit Committee

 

$

23,750

 

Board service and Audit Committee service

 

$

27,500

 

Board service and two committees other than Audit Committee

 

$

27,500

 

Board service, Audit Committee service and one other committee

 

$

31,250

 

Board service and Audit Committee Chairperson

 

$

37,500

 

 

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Directors also are eligible to be reimbursed for reasonable out-of pocket expenses incurred in connection with attendance at our Board or Committee meetings.

 

Under our 2007 Plan, non-employee directors also are eligible to receive stock option grants or restricted stock awards at the discretion of our Board or other administrator of the 2007 Plan. We currently compensate directors with option grants for 50,000 shares upon commencement of board service and also typically grant to non-employee directors an option for 20,000 shares annually. No option grants were made to directors in 2008. An annual option grant was made at the end of 2007 after the finalization of the restatement based on the stock option review which was performed by us. At the beginning of 2009, our Board reviewed the fact that the 2008 annual director option grant was not made. At that time, our Board decided to postpone any director option grants until August 2009, to align us with our annual equity incentive grant schedule.

 

The following table contains information on compensation earned by each non-employee member of our Board during 2008.

 

2008 Director Compensation

 

Name

 

Fees Earned or
Paid in Cash
($)

 

Option Awards
(1)(2)
($)

 

Total
($)

 

Edward Anderson(3)

 

$

31,250

 

$

54,456

 

$

85,706

 

John P. Cunningham

 

$

37,500

 

$

85,376

 

$

122,876

 

Howard E. Janzen

 

$

27,500

 

$

71,136

 

$

98,636

 

Paul J. Severino

 

$

23,750

 

$

56,257

 

$

80,007

 

H. Brian Thompson

 

$

27,500

 

$

59,700

 

$

87,200

 

 


(1)                                The amounts in this column do not reflect compensation actually received by the director. Instead, the amounts in this column reflect the dollar amount recognized for financial statement reporting purposes for the year ended December 31, 2008, in accordance with Financial Accounting Standards Board Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 123 (revised 2004), Share-Based Payment (“SFAS 123R”) with respect to options awarded prior to 2008, as no option grants were made to directors in 2008. A discussion of the assumptions used in calculating the amount in this column may be found in Note 2 to our audited consolidated financial statements included in our Initial Filing of the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2008.

 

(2)                                The following table shows the aggregate number of outstanding stock options held by each of our non-employee directors as of December 31, 2008 and the fair value at the time of grant for each stock option grant as determined in accordance with SFAS 123R:

 

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Non-employee Director

 

Grant Date

 

Number of
Shares

 

Grant Date
Fair Value of
Option Awards

 

Edward T. Anderson

 

5/11/01

 

10,000

 

$

265,700

 

 

 

5/02/02

 

10,000

 

21,940

 

 

 

5/07/03

 

10,000

 

29,200

 

 

 

12/29/04

 

10,000

 

46,800

 

 

 

10/12/05

 

20,000

 

75,698

 

 

 

12/17/07

 

40,000

 

118,336

 

Total

 

 

 

100,000

 

$

557,674

 

John P. Cunningham

 

9/09/04

 

50,000

 

$

230,000

 

 

 

10/12/05

 

20,000

 

75,698

 

 

 

12/17/07

 

40,000

 

118,336

 

Total

 

 

 

110,000

 

$

424,034

 

Howard E. Janzen

 

1/20/06

 

50,000

 

$

159,000

 

 

 

12/17/07

 

40,000

 

118,336

 

Total

 

 

 

90,000

 

$

277,336

 

Paul J. Severino

 

5/11/01

 

10,000

 

$

265,700

 

 

 

5/02/02

 

10,000

 

21,940

 

 

 

5/07/03

 

10,000

 

29,200

 

 

 

12/29/04

 

10,000

 

46,800

 

 

 

10/12/05

 

20,000

 

75,698

 

 

 

12/17/07

 

40,000

 

118,336

 

Total

 

 

 

100,000

 

$

557,674

 

H. Brian Thompson

 

10/24/03

 

50,000

 

$

337,975

 

 

 

12/29/04

 

10,000

 

46,800

 

 

 

10/12/05

 

20,000

 

75,698

 

 

 

12/17/07

 

45,000

 

133,128

 

Total

 

 

 

125,000

 

$

593,601

 

 


(3)           Mr. Anderson retired from our Board on December 22, 2008.

 

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EXECUTIVE OFFICERS OF THE REGISTRANT

 

The executive officers of the Company as of the date hereof are listed below.

 

Name

 

Age

 

Position

 

Richard N. Nottenburg

 

55

 

President and Chief Executive Officer

 

Richard J. Gaynor

 

49

 

Chief Financial Officer

 

Gurudutt Pai

 

43

 

Senior Vice President

 

Mohammed Shanableh

 

39

 

Vice President, Worldwide Sales

 

Matt Dillon

 

48

 

Vice President, Global Services

 

Gale England

 

59

 

Vice President, Product Operations

 

Wayne M. Pastore

 

44

 

Vice President, Finance and Corporate Controller

 

 

Biographical information regarding each executive officer other than Richard N. Nottenburg is set forth below. Richard Nottenburg’s biographical information is set forth above under “Board of Directors.”

 

Richard J. Gaynor has served as our Chief Financial Officer since October 2007. Prior to that, he served as Chief Financial Officer, Vice President of Finance and Administration, Treasurer and Assistant Secretary of Sycamore Networks, Inc., a provider of intelligent bandwidth management solutions for fixed line and mobile network operators worldwide. From January 2001 to September 2004, Mr. Gaynor was Vice President, Corporate Controller and Principal Accounting Officer of Manufacturers’ Services Ltd., a global provider of sub-contract electronic manufacturing services. From January 2000 to January 2001, Mr. Gaynor was Chief Financial Officer of Evans and Sutherland Computer Corporation, a developer and manufacturer of flight simulation hardware and software. From March 1994 to December 1999, Mr. Gaynor was Vice President of Finance and Operations Controller at Cabletron Systems, Inc., a global provider of enterprise networking products.

 

Gurudutt Pai has been our Senior Vice President since December 2008. Mr. Pai joined Sonus from Veveo, Inc. a company that provides solutions to simplify access to web video content from Internet-connected devices, where he served as Vice President, Marketing and Business Development since June 2005. From June 2003 to June 2005, Mr. Pai served as Vice President of the Core Networks division for Motorola, a provider of a portfolio of technologies, solutions and services for mobile communications.

 

Mohammed Shanableh joined Sonus in September 2004. He has been our Vice President, Worldwide Sales, since August 2007. From October 2006 to July 2007, he was Vice President, Sales Engineering, and was Vice President, Network Technology Solutions, from September 2004 to October 2006. Mr. Shanableh was Director, Carrier Strategy at Telica, a developer of intelligent multi-service broadband switching systems for next generation service providers from January 2002 to September 2004. He co-founded Valiant Networks, where he was served as Vice President, Professional Services, from December 1999 to December 2001.

 

Matt Dillon has been our Vice President, Global Services since 2001. Prior to joining Sonus, from 1987 to 2000, he was a founding member of Boston Technology (later purchased by Comverse), which created the de-facto standard in scalable central office-based voicemail platforms for Bell Atlantic. From 1984 to 1987, Mr. Dillon was Vice President of Operations for Technology Enterprises.

 

Gale England has been our Vice President, Product Operations since May 2005. Prior to joining Sonus, Mr. England was the Chief Executive Officer and President of Numetrix Inc., a San Francisco based Software Applications Company. From 2000 to 2001, he was General Manager and VP of Engineering Development at VillaMontage Systems (a Broadband Access Solution funded by Convergence Partners). Prior to 2000, Mr. England had also held senior management positions at Digital Equipment Corp., Wellfleet Communications, Inc., Bay Networks, and Nortel Networks, Inc.

 

Wayne M. Pastore has been our Vice President, Finance and Corporate Controller since May 2008. He had previously been the Director, Business Process Improvement from February 2008 to May 2008. From September 2006 to February 2008, Mr. Pastore was Director of Financial Planning and Analysis of Sycamore Networks, Inc., an optical switching company. From December 2003 to September 2006, he was Corporate Controller of Spotfire, Inc., a business analytics software company.

 

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SECTION 16(a) BENEFICIAL OWNERSHIP REPORTING COMPLIANCE

 

Section 16(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 requires our executive officers, directors and persons who own more than 10% of our common stock to file reports of ownership and changes in ownership with the SEC. Based solely on a review of the copies of reports furnished to us, we believe that during the year ended December 31, 2008, our directors, executive officers and greater than 10% stockholders complied with all Section 16(a) filing requirements with the exception of the following: (1) Mr. Ahmed and Mr. Udokwu each filed amended Form 3s on January 31, 2008, because the original Form 3s filed by each of them in 2007 were under-reported by 4,500 shares and (2) Mr. Pastore filed a Form 3 reporting shares held four days in advance of his promotion to Chief Accounting Officer, but six days after his promotion was approved by our Board.

 

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Item 11.  Executive Compensation

 

EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION

 

Compensation Discussion and Analysis

 

The Compensation Committee oversees our executive compensation program and approves all compensation decisions relating to our executive officers. The Compensation Committee evaluates both performance and compensation to ensure that we are able to attract and retain the best possible employees in key positions and that the compensation provided to key employees remains competitive with the compensation provided to employees of our peer group comprised of companies of comparable revenue and market capitalization in the diversified high technology market.

 

Philosophy and Objectives

 

The Compensation Committee believes that an effective executive compensation program should be tied to annual and long-term strategic goals for the business and should align executives’ interests with those of the stockholders by rewarding performance that achieves those goals with the objective of ultimately increasing shareholder value. The Compensation Committee relies upon its experience and judgment and not upon rigid guidelines or formulas in determining the amount and mix of compensation elements for each executive officer. As the Compensation Committee believes that executives should be incentivized to bring us to a higher level of performance as compared to our peer group, total direct compensation is intended to represent a strong competitive position (60th percentile opportunity if goals are achieved) as compared to our peer group.

 

Our executive compensation program is designed to: (i) offer compensation opportunities that attract highly talented executives; (ii) motivate individuals to perform at their highest levels; (iii) reward outstanding initiative and achievement; (iv) reinforce critical measures of performance derived from our business strategy and key success factors; and (v) retain those individuals with the leadership abilities and skills necessary to build long-term shareholder value by supporting executive ownership and shareholder alignment.

 

In order to implement our program, the Compensation Committee believes that the executive compensation program must include competitive cash and stock incentive-based compensation components that reward performance and that executive compensation should be heavily weighted towards such incentive-based compensation in comparison to base salaries as a percentage of total compensation. The executive compensation program is structured with executive base salaries that are below the median of our peer group, but with annual cash incentives designed to make us competitive with our peer group (total cash compensation at the 50th percentile if annual goals are achieved) and long-term equity incentives that are highly competitive with our peer group (75th percentile). Therefore, because our Company is at the low end of the annual revenue range and below the average annual revenue for our peer group, we provide base salaries that are commensurate with our position within our peer group and a higher level of incentive compensation in order to encourage performance at a higher level than we previously have achieved and improvement of our position within our peer group. Such incentives are necessary for us to attract highly talented executives consistent with those of a company with strong growth and earnings potential.

 

As our executive compensation program is focused primarily on providing competitive incentive-based compensation to our executives, actual executive compensation can vary greatly, and in fact, has fallen short of the target compensation amounts at which executives would be compensated had the Company achieved its annual performance goals and had our stock increased in value. The amount of incentive-based cash compensation awarded is based on measures of profitability and revenue, and, therefore, executives are only awarded such compensation if they achieve the annual corporate performance goals as set by the Company’s Board of Directors. Over the last several years, although target annual cash incentives and target long-term equity incentives have been competitive and highly competitive, respectively, with our peer group, because we have not achieved our target performance goals, executives have been compensated well below target levels. That is, although our target levels provide the opportunity for compensating our executives at higher levels compared to our peer group, analyses conducted by our consultants indicate that actual overall total direct compensation for our executives is below that of our peer group and survey market references. See “Determining Executive Compensation.

 

Over the last several years, it has become even more important to maintain target incentive-based compensation at the higher level of the annual revenue range within the peer group because executive retention and motivation have been affected by the challenging market environment and the price of our stock has not led to appreciation in the value of previously granted stock options. Executive turnover has influenced executive compensation decision-making as we promoted new Vice Presidents in Sales and in Marketing, hired a new Chief Financial Officer in 2007, and hired a new President and Chief Executive Officer and Senior Vice President in 2008. With the need to attract these new hires, our executive compensation became market-driven. We face competition for executives from larger companies with significantly greater cash

 

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compensation and from smaller private companies with greater equity growth potential through an initial public offering or acquisition and must, therefore, be competitive in our total compensation in order to attract and retain highly talented executives.

 

We have not established a policy for the specific allocation between cash and non-cash compensation. Rather, the Compensation Committee annually reviews market data and information to determine the appropriate level and combination of incentive and non-incentive, cash and equity-based compensation, based upon competitive data. The Compensation Committee believes that, as a growth-oriented company, we should continue to provide significant equity incentives as a component of compensation.

 

Compensation Components

 

Our executive compensation program has three major components: (i) base salary, (ii) cash-based incentives and (iii) equity-based incentives. The Compensation Committee reviews the compensation program on an annual basis.

 

Base Salary.  Aggregate base salaries are designed to reflect the scope of responsibilities, performance and competencies of the individual executives. The salary for each executive officer is reviewed on an annual basis, as well as at the time of a promotion or other change in responsibilities. Increases in salary are based on an evaluation of the individual’s performance and level of pay compared to benchmark data for similar positions at peer companies. For 2008, Mr. Gaynor’s salary increased to $285,000 from $270,000 in 2007, Mr. Shanableh’s salary increased to $241,960 from $230,000 in 2007, and Mr. Dillon’s salary increased to 235,125 from 225,000 in 2007. Mr. England’s salary increased to $210,900 from 190,000 in 2007.

 

Cash-based Incentives.  A significant portion of each executive officer’s compensation is tied to the achievement of both corporate financial goals and individual performance objectives. Accordingly, cash-based incentives are expected to represent a substantial part of total compensation for our executives and are based on measures that reflect annual financial and management objectives.

 

Under the 2008 Incentive Compensation Program, which covered all executive officers other than the Vice President of Worldwide Sales, the Compensation Committee set each executive’s cash incentive as a percentage of his base salary. (The incentive compensation for the Vice President of Worldwide Sales is based on a commission plan more fully described under the Summary Compensation Table.) One hundred percent of the cash incentive bonus for our former President and Chief Executive Officer, which was targeted at 100% of base salary, and for our current President and Chief Executive Officer, which was targeted at 80% of base salary, is based upon achievement of the corporate goals alone. For fiscal year 2008, Dr. Nottenburg was guaranteed a bonus of 80% of his base salary pro rated for the days in 2008 he was employed by us pursuant to his Employment Agreement, more fully described under “Employment, Severance and Change of Control Arrangements,” below. Each of the other executives was allocated a target cash incentive as a percentage of base salary ranging from 30% to 60%, as determined by the Compensation Committee, and awarded 50% based upon achievement of corporate operating and financial goals and 50% based upon achievement of individual performance objectives established for each executive, subject to the discretion of the Compensation Committee. The target bonus levels were chosen based upon competitive market and peer group data and analysis as described in “Determining Executive Compensation” below. The corporate goals were chosen based upon financial metrics which are generally used by investors and financial analysts in measuring our corporate performance. Individual objectives include product development and quality metrics, improvement of corporate processes, development of strategic partnerships, expansion of geographic infrastructure, growth of customer base and supply chain improvement.

 

The corporate goals for the 2008 Incentive Compensation Program consisted of three measures which are calculated independently. Each has designated thresholds as indicated below and a maximum payout at 150% of the measurement metric. In addition, each metric has an accelerator of two times the incremental portion of the award which exceeds 100% of target:

 

Corporate Goal

 

% of Target

 

Threshold
Performance Level

 

1. Revenue

 

25

%

85

%

2. Full Year Operating Income

 

15

%

60

%

3. Bookings

 

10

%

70

%

 

 

50

%

 

 

 

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Individual goals do not have a threshold performance level and the potential payout can be based on performance levels of between 0-100%. In addition, each participant may earn an additional 10% of the calculated individual payout if achievement of 80% is attained.

 

The formula for calculating the payment under the 2008 Incentive Compensation Program was as follows: Corporate Revenue Goal Achievement % × 0.25 (target incentive dollars) plus Corporate Full Year Operating Income Achievement % × 0.15 (target incentive dollars) plus Corporate Bookings Achievement % × 0.1 (target incentive dollars) plus individual Management Bonus Objectives (“MBOs”) Achievement % × 0.5 (target incentive dollars) plus Accelerators if earned for corporate goals exceeding 100% or individual goals of 80% or more.

 

The corporate goals target for the 2008 Incentive Compensation Program was based upon achievement of corporate goals as follows:

 

Weight

 

Objective

 

Measurement
Metrics

 

Leverage
Factor

 

Accelerator

 

Achievement
Percentage

 

25%

 

Revenue(1)(2)(3)

 

$

389,294,000

 

85-150%

 

2x
(if metric over 100%)

 

80.7%

 

15%

 

Full Year
Operating Income(1)(3)

 

15.4

%*

60-150%

 

2x
(if metric over 100%)

 

1.9%

 

10%

 

Bookings(3)

 

$

438,000,000

 

70-150%

 

2x
(if metric over 100%)

 

73.8%

 

50%

 

Personal MBO

 

 

 

80% achievement

 

10% additional payout on
MBOs

 

Varies based on individual
performance

 

100%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


(1)                                  Revenue, operating income and bookings targets do not include impact of potential or actual acquisitions.

 

(2)                                  Provided that if this measure is not achieved, it will be deemed achieved if the sum of (i) the actual performance of this measure and (ii) the amount of any positive change in deferred revenue for 2008 meets or exceeds the target performance for this measure. Note, this impact of positive change in deferred revenue will not count towards greater than 100% achievement for this measure.

 

(3)                                  Accelerator only applies if achieved metric is over 100%.

 

*                                         Target excludes impact of 123R and acquisitions/acquisitions costs and incremental professional fees or other expenses related to stock option review and restatement.

 

As an example, the bonus calculation for an executive who achieved 100% of his individual performance objectives and whose target cash incentive is $150,000 is set forth below based on a range of performance levels of corporate goals:

 

Weight

 

Objective

 

Accomplish
85% of
Corporate
Objectives
($)

 

Accomplish
100% of
Corporate
Objectives
($)

 

Accomplish
105% of
Corporate
Objectives
($)

 

Accomplish
150% of
Corporate
Objectives
($)

 

25%

 

Revenue

 

$

31,875

 

$

37,500

 

$

37,500

 

$

37,500

 

 

 

Revenue Accelerator

 

 

 

3,750

 

37,500

 

15%

 

Full Year Operating Income

 

19,125

 

22,500

 

22,500

 

22,500

 

 

 

Operating Income Accelerator

 

 

 

2,250

 

22,500

 

10%

 

Bookings

 

12,750

 

15,000

 

15,000

 

15,000

 

 

 

Bookings Accelerator

 

 

 

1,500

 

15,000

 

50%

 

Personal MBO

 

75,000

 

75,000

 

75,000

 

75,000

 

 

 

Extra Credit MBO 10%

 

7,500

 

7,500

 

7,500

 

7,500

 

 

 

Total

 

$

146,250

 

$

157,500

 

$

165,000

 

$

232,500

 

 

The Compensation Committee expects to establish a cash-based incentive plan for 2009 based on the achievement of financial metrics consistent with our 2009 operating plan and the financial objectives associated with that plan. We consider our corporate goals to be confidential and their disclosure would cause competitive harm for us, and, therefore, we do not disclose these goals. We achieved approximately 38.3% of the corporate goals for 2005, 100% of the corporate goals for 2006, 64% of the corporate goals for 2007, and approximately 14.8% of the corporate goals for 2008. Due to overachievement in the first-half of fiscal year 2008, bonuses were locked in for that time, resulting in the achievement of approximately 71% of the corporate goals for 2008 for executives only. A high level of performance by management will be required to achieve the 2009 corporate goals. The 2009 individual performance objectives will be based upon achievement of financial, operating and strategic goals.

 

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Equity-based Incentives.  Equity based incentives are provided to executives whose decisions and actions have a direct impact upon our performance and success. Stock options and restricted stock are awarded to our executive officers in order to tie compensation directly to our long-term success and increase in shareholder value. In determining the size of the stock option and/or restricted stock grants awarded to each executive officer, the Compensation Committee takes into account the executive officer’s position, past performance, anticipated contribution to our long-term goals, and industry practices and norms. Long-term incentives granted in prior years and existing levels of stock ownership are also taken into consideration. The Compensation Committee believes that a combination of stock options and restricted stock is most effective in meeting the key objectives of employee retention, motivation, and shareholder alignment, and is the most cost effective and efficient manner of share usage, taking into account SFAS 123R expense and cash flow. Under the 2007 Plan, a finite number of shares are available. The aggregate number of shares under the Plan was based upon projected requirements in the normal course of business over a two year period, within recommended guidelines, assuming similar usage rates to prior years based upon our hiring and annual stock incentive programs, as well as the use of restricted stock in addition to stock options. The historical practice of allocating equity awards to top performers and critical positions will be continued.

 

No equity incentive program awards were made by the Compensation Committee in 2008. Based upon the recommendation of management, the Compensation Committee made the decision to postpone the annual equity incentive grant to employees in 2008. The recommendation was based upon a consideration of the number of shares which remained available for grant under the 2007 Plan and an estimate of the number of shares which would be required to fulfill our employee hiring plans.

 

Determining Executive Compensation

 

The Compensation Committee evaluates and approves goals and objectives of the Chief Executive Officer and reviews and approves goals and objectives of other executive officers; evaluates the performance of the executives in light of those goals and objectives; determines and approves the compensation level for the Chief Executive Officer; reviews and sets compensation levels of other key executive officers; evaluates and approves all grants of equity-based compensation to executive officers and recommends to our Board compensation policies for outside directors. The Compensation Committee may form and delegate authority to one or more subcommittees as it deems appropriate from time to time.

 

At the outset of the fiscal year, our Board sets the overall corporate performance goals for the year, while the Compensation Committee establishes each executive’s individual performance objectives and target bonus, except as otherwise predetermined by an employment agreement. In determining the performance goals, the Committee may consider the impact of changes in accounting principles and extraordinary, unusual or infrequent events. After the end of the fiscal year, the Committee reviews the actual corporate and individual performance against the predetermined corporate performance goals and individual performance objectives to determine the appropriate bonus amount, as well as other performance considerations related to unforeseen events during the year. For each of the performance goals, a formula establishes a payout range based upon the target bonus allocation. The formula also determines the percentage of the target bonus to be paid based on a percentage of goal achievement.

 

The Compensation Committee has the authority to retain compensation consultants and other outside advisors to assist in the evaluation of executive officer compensation. The Compensation Committee reviews each component of the executive’s compensation against executive compensation surveys. The surveys used for comparison reflect compensation levels and practices for persons holding comparable positions at certain of our peer group companies. The Compensation Committee also solicits appropriate input from our Chief Executive Officer, who works with our Vice President of Human Resources to recommend compensation for those executives reporting directly to him. The Compensation Committee considers, but is not bound by, recommendations made by company management. Similarly, the Compensation Committee may accept, reject or modify any recommendations by compensation consultants or other outside advisors. All decisions regarding the Chief Executive Officer’s compensation are made by the Compensation Committee in executive session, without the Chief Executive Officer present.

 

During the past several years, the Compensation Committee retained compensation consultants to provide an analysis of the total compensation practices for our executive and senior management positions. The purpose of these studies was to provide management and the Compensation Committee with current information on the competitiveness of our total cash and long-term incentive compensation. These studies provided a significant amount of comparative information, using peer group and market data. The Compensation Committee determined the need to review the current compensation strategy and the market reference peer group based on larger company metrics, considering our current and future growth potential. A study was completed in 2008 using internal Company resources to gather and analyze similar data.

 

For 2008, the methodology for the compensation review included an internal compensation analysis and comparison

 

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on a job description level with peer companies based upon information derived from the following sources:  (1) data from companies with a revenue size consistent with our compensation philosophy as included in a select peer group report issued by the Radford High Technology Salary Survey; (2) data from companies reporting in the IPAS High Technology Salary Survey, and (3) information on select companies derived from disclosed proxy data.

 

The custom peer group report from Radford was the primary data source for determining competitive market targets.  The Radford peer group consisted of the following companies:  3COM, Akamai Technologies, Ciena, CNet, Covad Communications, Emulex, Equinox, F5 Networks, Harmonic, Novatel Wireless, Polycom, Progress Software, QLogic, Quest Software, Real Networks, Spirent Communications, Syniverse Technologies, Tekelec, T-Systems and Vonage.  The peer group selection factors included revenue size (primarily companies in the $200 to $800 million annual revenue range with average revenue of $560 million) and industry (including all high technology companies with a majority in the networking/telecom industry).  Where Radford peer group data for a position was of insufficient size, the broader Radford executive survey results were considered using a cut of companies of equivalent revenue size.

 

Proxy data was reviewed from the following companies:  Acme Packet, Adtran, Ciena, Extreme Networks, Juniper, LEAP Wireless, Red Hat, Sycamore, UTStarcom and XO Communications.  In most cases, equivalent or comparable positions were not found.  Where matches were identified, the data was used only for validation of the Radford survey results.   Similarly, IPAS high technology salary survey data was also used to validate the market data from the primary data source.

 

The analysis indicated that overall total direct compensation for our executives is below that of our peer group and survey market references. Our compensation philosophy is that the overall compensation structure should be competitive within the industry in order to attract and retain talented executives and motivate our executive officers to achieve our business goals. The Compensation Committee adjusted salary and cash-based incentives in 2008 for some executive officers based upon this comparative compensation information.

 

In 2008, the Compensation Committee approved a severance and retention program and agreement for executive officers, including our principal financial officer and other named executive officers. The Compensation Committee considered the value of services provided by the officers and their unique capabilities. The Compensation Committee engaged an executive compensation consultant, the Wilson Group, and the Compensation Committee negotiated a compensation package and terms for the officers. The Compensation Committee concluded it was in our best interests to provide a retention package with incentives based on performance and appreciation of stock value. Our principal financial officer and other named officers each entered into an Executive Severance and Arbitration Agreement with us on October 7, 2008, which is described below under “Employment, Severance and Change of Control Arrangements.”

 

Benefits and Other Compensation

 

Executives are eligible for the same benefits that are available to all employees, which include group health insurance, life and disability insurance, dental insurance, and paid holidays. All employees begin accruing three weeks vacation upon date of hire. We offer a 401(k) program and an Employee Stock Purchase Plan.

 

We do not typically offer perquisites or employee benefits to executive officers that are not also made available to employees on a broad basis.

 

Stock Option Grant Policy

 

New Hire Grants

 

The Compensation Committee has delegated authority to our Chief Executive Officer to grant new hire options consistent with approved guidelines and restrictions governing the delegation. These guidelines are as follows:

 

·                  Such options are granted pursuant to the 2007 Plan;

 

·                  Such options are on the terms of our standard form of stock option agreement;

 

·                  The grant date is the 15th day of the month following the employee’s start date and the exercise price of these options is equal to the closing price of our common stock on that date, or the next business day in the event that the 15th day falls on a day that the NASDAQ Global Select Market is closed;

 

·                  The Chief Executive Officer is not authorized to grant options (a) to any of our executive officers, or (b) to any new employee for more than 100,000 shares of our common stock; and

 

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·                  The Chief Executive Officer shall maintain a list of the options granted pursuant to the delegated authority and shall report to the Compensation Committee regarding the options granted, upon request.

 

The Compensation Committee reviews all new hire grants issued under the delegation of authority. The Compensation Committee also reviews and, if appropriate, approves the grants to new hires in excess of 100,000 shares at a Committee meeting. The actions taken at the meetings are documented in meeting minutes subsequently approved by the Compensation Committee. The list of proposed individual grants is provided in advance of the meeting and is included in the meeting minutes.

 

Annual Equity Incentive Grants

 

The Compensation Committee annually considers an equity incentive grant for our employees, including executives, in connection with its annual review of employee and executive compensation. At a Committee meeting, the Compensation Committee reviews a proposed plan for the granting of equity awards to executives and employees in connection with the annual equity incentive program. Typically, employee eligibility is based upon hire date with a required minimum of one year of service. Among the eligible employees, awards are allocated to employees based upon management’s evaluation of employee performance and other business criteria.

 

The proposed plan includes overall parameters of the plan, a pool of shares to be allocated under the plan and typically recommends specific grants for executives. The Compensation Committee discusses the plan with management and then requests that management provide the Committee with a specific list of individual grants for employees consistent with the Compensation Committee’s guidance. The Compensation Committee determines specific grants for executives. Management then prepares a list of individual grants for employees and executives and submits to the Compensation Committee the list of individual grants for employees and executives. The Compensation Committee reviews and, if appropriate, approves the list of individual grants at a Committee meeting. The actions taken at the meetings are documented in meeting minutes subsequently approved by the Compensation Committee. The list of individual grants is attached to the meeting minutes.

 

The Compensation Committee has established the grant date for annual equity incentive grants to be August 15 of each year, or the next business day following August 15 if August 15 falls on a weekend or holiday. The Compensation Committee retains the right to change this date based on business events that might warrant using another date for the annual equity incentive grant date.

 

Based upon the recommendation of management, the Compensation Committee made the decision to postpone the annual equity incentive grant to employees in 2008. The recommendation was based upon a consideration of the number of shares which remained available for grant under the 2007 Plan and an estimate of the number of shares which would be required to fulfill our employee hiring plans.

 

Promotion and Achievement Grants

 

From time to time, our management recommends to the Compensation Committee promotion or achievement grants to our employees or executives. Our management includes all recommended individual stock option grants for approval by the Compensation Committee in the meeting materials provided in advance of the meeting. We document all Compensation Committee meetings with minutes reflecting any stock option grants approved during the meeting. The Compensation Committee approves promotion or achievement grants at Committee meetings. The actions taken at the meetings are documented in meeting minutes. Promotion and achievement grants have a grant date of the 15th day of the month following the Compensation Committee’s approval of the grant.

 

Vesting

 

Provided that the employee continues his or her employment with us, on the applicable vesting date, options will vest and become exercisable as follows: (i) New Hire grants: 25% of the shares vest on the first anniversary of the date that employment with us commences, or the Employment Date, and the remaining 75% of the shares vest in equal increments of 2.0833% monthly thereafter through the fourth anniversary of the Employment Date; (ii) All other option grants: 25% of the shares vest on the first anniversary of the grant date (as defined in the Notice of Grant of Stock Options and Option Agreement) and the remaining 75% of the shares vest in equal increments of 2.0833% monthly thereafter through the fourth anniversary of the grant date; (iii) Restricted stock grants: 25% of the shares vest on the first anniversary of the Employment Date or the grant date and the remaining 75% vest in equal increments of 12.5% semi-annually through the fourth anniversary of the Employment Date or the date of the grant.

 

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Grants to non-employee directors have the same vesting schedule as specified above subject to continued service on our Board.

 

Termination

 

Options typically terminate on the tenth anniversary of the grant date (or the fifth anniversary of the grant date, if the optionee owns more than 10% of our stock), provided that if an employee’s employment relationship with us terminates, the option termination date is determined based upon the reason for employment termination as follows: (i) death or total and permanent disability of optionee (as defined in Section 22(e)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended)—180 days thereafter; (ii) termination for any other reason—30 days thereafter under the 1997 Plan and 90 days thereafter under the 2007 Plan, unless otherwise extended.

 

We have entered into agreements with certain executives providing for extended terms for stock option grants following the executive’s termination, as described under “Employment, Severance and Change of Control Arrangements” below.

 

Acceleration

 

In the event of an acquisition of us as defined in our standard stock option and restricted stock agreement(s) and the stock plan documents, or the Acquisition, in which an option is assumed or substituted, then the number of shares subject to the option that are not then vested shall become accelerated in vesting by 12 months upon the closing of the Acquisition. If an option is not assumed or substituted, then the number of shares subject to the option that are not then vested shall accelerate in full and become immediately exercisable. In addition, 25% of the number of shares covered by a restricted stock award shall become vested.

 

We have entered into agreements with certain executives providing for acceleration of the vesting of stock options and restricted stock upon a change of control as described under “Employment, Severance and Change of Control Arrangements” below.

 

Tax and Accounting Considerations

 

Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation.  We account for stock-based compensation in accordance with SFAS 123(R), Share-Based Payment (“SFAS 123R”).

 

Incentive Stock Options.  Options granted to employees are intended to qualify as “incentive stock options” under Section 422 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”). However, we make no representation or warranty as to the tax treatment to the optionee upon receipt or exercise of the option or sale or other disposition of the shares covered by the option. In addition, options will not be treated as incentive stock options for tax purposes to the extent that options covering in excess of $100,000 of stock (based upon fair market value of the stock as of the respective dates of grant of such options) become exercisable in any calendar year; and such options will be subject to different tax treatment.

 

Policy on Deductibility of Executive Compensation.  The Internal Revenue Service, pursuant to Section 162(m) of the Code, generally disallows a tax deduction for compensation in excess of $1.0 million paid to our Chief Executive Officer and to each other officer (other than the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer) whose compensation is required to be reported to our stockholders pursuant to the Exchange Act by reason of being among our three most highly paid executive officers. Certain compensation, including qualified performance-based compensation, will not be subject to the deduction limit if certain requirements are met. The Compensation Committee reviews the potential effect of Section 162(m) periodically and uses its judgment to authorize compensation payments that may be subject to the limit when the Compensation Committee believes such payments are appropriate and in our best interests and our stockholders best interests, after taking into consideration changing business conditions and the performance of our employees.

 

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COMPENSATION COMMITTEE REPORT

 

The Compensation Committee consists of Paul J. Severino (Chairman) and H. Brian Thompson. The Compensation Committee has reviewed and discussed the Compensation Discussion and Analysis required by Item 402(b) of Regulation S-K with our management. Based on this review and discussion, the Compensation Committee recommended to our Board that the Compensation Discussion and Analysis be included in this Amendment.

 

 

Submitted by,
COMPENSATION COMMITTEE:
Paul J. Severino (Chairman)
H. Brian Thompson

 

Executive Compensation Tables

 

Summary of Executive Compensation

 

The following table sets forth, for the year ended December 31, 2008 and for either of the two years prior thereto in which the individual was a Named Executive Officer, the compensation earned by our Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer, other three most highly compensated executive officers serving as executive officers at December 31, 2008, and our former Chief Executive Officer and the two other most highly compensated executive officers who were no longer employees at December 31, 2008 (the “Named Executive Officers”).

 

SUMMARY COMPENSATION TABLE

 

Name and Principal
Position

 

Year

 

Salary
($)

 

Bonus
($)(1)

 

Stock
Awards
($)(2)

 

Option
Awards
($)(3)

 

Non-Equity
Incentive Plan
Compensation
($)(4)

 

All Other
Compensation
($)(5)

 

Total
($)

 

Richard N. Nottenburg
President and Chief Executive Officer

 

2008

 

$

272,756

(6)

$

216,667

 

$

594,401

 

$

223,775

 

$

 

$

673

 

$

1,308,272

 

Richard J. Gaynor

 

2008

 

$

285,000

 

$

 

$

76,003

 

$

262,549

 

$

154,796

 

$

10,749

 

$

789,097

 

Chief Financial Officer

 

2007

 

$

67,500

 

$

40,500

 

$

9,473

 

$

46,442

 

$

 

$

99

 

$

164,014

 

Mohammed Shanableh

 

2008

 

$

264,878

 

$

 

$

123,818

 

$

263,258

 

$

330,823

 

$

15,634

 

$

998,411

 

Vice President,

 

2007

 

$

197,916

 

$

 

$

59,110

 

$

68,773

 

$

289,424

 

$

8,245

 

$

623,468

 

Worldwide Sales

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Matthew Dillon

 

2008

 

$

235,925

 

$

 

$

51,052

 

$

240,781

 

$

119,942

 

$

358

 

$

648,058

 

Vice President Global

 

2007

 

$

225,000

 

$

 

$

11,294

 

$

146,177

 

$

86,400

 

$

7,586

 

$

476,457

 

Services

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gale England
Vice President, Product Operations

 

2008

 

$

210,900

 

$

 

$

23,964

 

$

161,298

 

$

76,363

 

$

826

 

$

473,351

 

Hassan M. Ahmed(7)

 

2008

 

$

404,295

 

$

 

$

4,822,047

 

$

 

$

 

$

1,334,555

 

$

6,560,897

 

Former Chairman and

 

2007

 

$

425,000

 

$

 

$

277,953

(7)

$

2,216,500

(7)

$

272,000

 

$

9,517

 

$

3,200,970

 

Chief Executive Officer

 

2006

 

$

375,000

 

$

 

$

 

$

7,930

 

$

344,393

 

$

 

$

727,323

 

Chuba Udokwu

 

2008

 

$

198,333

 

$

 

$

77,817

 

$

313,883

 

$

 

$

203,280

 

$

793,313

 

Former Vice President Worldwide Engineering(8)

 

2007

 

$

250,000

 

$

 

$

59,110

 

$

336,240

 

$

96,000

 

$

7,825

 

$

749,175

 

Jocelyn Philbrook
Former Vice President, Marketing and Investor Relations(9)

 

2008

 

$

107,700

 

$

 

$

402,123

 

$

(10,440

)

$

 

$

409,684

 

$

909,067

 

 


(1)                                  This amount represents a guaranteed bonus for the year in which the Named Executive Officer joined us.

 

(2)                                  The amount in this column does not reflect compensation actually received by the Named Executive Officer. Instead, the amount reflects the stock-based compensation recognized for financial statement reporting purposes for the applicable year, in accordance with SFAS 123R of restricted stock awards granted under the 1997 Plan and the 2007 Plan. A discussion of the assumptions used in calculating the amounts in this column may be found in Note 10 to our audited consolidated financial statements included in the Initial Filing of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2008.

 

(3)                                  The amounts shown in this column do not reflect compensation actually received by the Named Executive Officer. Instead, the amounts reflect the stock- based compensation recognized for financial statement reporting purposes for

 

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the applicable year in accordance with SFAS 123R of stock options granted under the 1997 Plan. A discussion of the assumptions used in calculating the amounts in this column may be found in Note 10 to our audited consolidated financial statements included in the Initial Filing of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2008.

 

(4)                                  See “Compensation Discussion and Analysis—Compensation Components—Cash-based Incentives” for a description of incentive compensation program. For 2008, for each current Named Executive Officer, other than for the Vice President of Worldwide Sales, target bonuses and actual payments under the plan were as follows: (a) Dr. Nottenburg’s target bonus was 80% of his base salary, prorated for 2008, or $216,667, and was guaranteed pursuant to Dr. Nottenburg’s employment agreement; (b) Mr. Gaynor’s target bonus was 60% of his base salary; (c) as Vice President of Worldwide Sales, Mr. Shanableh’s cash incentives were based upon the achievement of goals related to revenue and sales orders which supported the corporate goals. Mr. Shanableh’s cash incentive was based upon commissions as a percentage of sales orders and revenue quotas achieved and he was eligible for additional commissions based upon achievement of 80% of the sales order and 90% of the revenue goals. Mr. Shanableh’s commission rates on sales orders up to 80% of quotas was 0.01856% and his commission rates on revenues up to 90% was 0.02696%. The rates for achievement of sales orders and revenue in excess of quotas were 0.02696% and 0.13481%, respectively. Mr. Shanableh’s compensation plan provided an incentive bonus of $60,000 upon achievement of 100% of sales order quota, and up to $35,000 upon achievement of 64% of gross margin goals (measured and paid quarterly). No actual bonus has been paid for 2008; (d) Mr. Dillon’s target bonus was 60% of his base salary; and (e) Mr. England’s target bonus was 40% of his base salary.

 

(5)                                  (a)           Dr. Nottenburg’s ‘other’ compensation for 2008 of $673 is for group term life insurance.

 

(b)                                 Mr. Gaynor’s ‘other’ compensation for 2008 of $10,749 is comprised of $6,827 related to attendance of Mr. Gaynor and family member(s) at our annual Chairman’s Club event, $3,500 for our 401(k) matching contribution and $422 for group term life insurance.

 

(c)                                  Mr. Shanableh’s ‘other’ compensation for 2008 of $15,634 is comprised of $11,894 related to attendance of Mr. Shanableh and family member(s) at our annual Chairman’s Club event, $3,500 for our 401(k) matching contribution and $240 for group term life insurance.

 

(d)                                 Mr. Dillon’s ‘other’ compensation for 2008 of $358 is for group term life insurance.

 

(e)                                  Mr. England’s ‘other’ compensation for 2008 of $826 is for group term life insurance.

 

(f)                                    Mr. Ahmed’s ‘other’ compensation for 2008 of $1,334,555 is comprised of $1,275,000 for the lump sum payment related to severance benefits upon his separation from our Company, $1,261 for health benefits, $1,078 for group term life insurance and $57,215 for unused vacation at his employment termination.

 

(g)                                 Mr. Udokwu’s ‘other’ compensation for 2008 of $203,280 is comprised of $185,000 for the payments related to severance benefits upon his separation from our Company, $2,827 for health benefits, $7,225 related to attendance of Mr. Udokwu and family member(s) at our annual Chairman’s Club event, $603 for group term life insurance and $7,626 for unused vacation at his employment termination.

 

(h)                                 Ms. Philbrook’s ‘other’ compensation for 2008 of $409,684 is comprised of $383,700 for payments related to severance benefits upon her separation from our Company, $1,768 for health benefits, $7,743 related to attendance of Ms. Philbrook and family member(s) at our annual Chairman’s Club event, $93 for group term life insurance and $16,380 for unused vacation at her employment termination.

 

(6)           Dr. Nottenburg joined us on June 13, 2008 and his initial annual salary was $500,000 per year.

 

(7)           On November 14, 2007, we entered into a Retention and Restricted Stock Agreement (the “Agreement”) with Mr. Ahmed as described under “Employment, Severance and Change of Control Arrangements” below. The $277,953 reported as “Stock Awards” for 2007 reflects the expense related to the restricted stock award(s) under the Agreement. The Agreement also modified Mr. Ahmed’s existing stock options to provide for the continued vesting of any unvested stock options and the ability to exercise any vested stock options for 18 months from the date of Mr. Ahmed’s separation from us under certain conditions. We recorded $1,816,500 of expense related to the modification of Mr. Ahmed’s stock options related to the Agreement. In connection with our historical stock option investigation and subsequent filing, on August 2, 2007, of the Initial Filing of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the

 

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year ended December 31, 2006, we determined that the correct date of the June 15, 2003 grant to Mr. Ahmed was June 18, 2003. Pursuant to the terms of Mr. Ahmed’s Consent (see “Section 409A of the Internal Revenue Code” below), the exercise price for the portion of that option vesting after December 31, 2004 (representing 1,250,000 shares) was increased from $4.47 to $4.79 per share, reflecting the closing price of our stock on June 18, 2003. Also, pursuant to the terms of the Consent, Mr. Ahmed became entitled to receive a cash payment of $400,000, which is the amount of the aggregate increase in the exercise price of the 1,250,000 shares. This payment was made in January 2008. The option remains exercisable for 750,000 shares at the original exercise price of $4.47 per share. The total of $2,216,500 related to these matters comprises the amount reported as ‘Option Awards’ for 2007. On May 16, 2008, the vesting of 375,000 shares of the restricted stock awarded to Mr. Ahmed was accelerated through September 13, 2008, the completion date of Mr. Ahmed’s required transition assistance period related to Dr. Nottenburg’s appointment. Mr. Ahmed’s employment with us terminated on December 11, 2008, and he retired from our Board effective the same date. Pursuant to Mr. Ahmed’s Retention and Restricted Stock Agreement, upon his termination, the remaining 375,000 shares of restricted stock immediately vested. We recorded incremental expense totaling $2,459,670 related to the accelerated vesting in 2008 of Mr. Ahmed’s unvested restricted stock. Mr. Ahmed’s outstanding stock options, none of which were unvested at the date of his termination, will remain outstanding and exercisable for the lesser of 18 months from the date of termination or the life of the option.

 

(8)           Mr. Udokwu’s employment with us terminated on October 10, 2008.

 

(9)           Ms. Philbrook’s employment with us terminated on June 30, 2008. At the time of termination, the Company accelerated the vesting of all unvested shares of restricted stock to June 30, 2008 and extended the exercise period for all vested stock options to one year from June 30, 2008, for which we recorded expense in 2008 of $194,032 and $53,264, respectively. These amounts are included with the amounts reported as “Stock Awards” and “Option Awards” in 2008 in the table above.

 

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Table of Contents

 

Plan-Based Awards

 

The following table sets forth information about incentive plan awards made to the Named Executive Officers during the year ended December 31, 2008.

 

2008 GRANTS OF PLAN-BASED AWARDS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Estimated Future Payouts Under
Non-Equity Incentive Plan
Awards(1)

 

Estimated Future Payouts Under
Equity Incentive Plan Awards

 

All
Other
Stock
Awards:
Number
of
Shares
of Stock

 

All Other
Option
Awards:
Number of
Securities
Underlying

 

Exercise
or Base
Price of
Option

 

Grant

Date
Fair
Value
of Stock
And
Option

 

Name

 

Grant
Date

 

Action-
Date(2)

 

Threshold
($)

 

Target
($)

 

Maximum
($)

 

Threshold
(#)

 

Target
(#)(3)

 

Maximum
(#)(3)

 

or Units
(#)

 

Options
(#)

 

Awards
($/Sh)

 

Awards
($)(4)

 

Richard N. Nottenburg

 

6/16/08

 

5/9/08

 

$

216,667

 

$

216,667

 

$

216,667

 

 

500,000

 

500,000

 

500,000

 

500,000

 

$

4.75

 

$

3,822,800

 

Richard J. Gaynor

 

11/15/08

 

10/3/08

 

 

$

179,156

 

$

264,469

 

 

100,000

 

100,000

 

200,000

 

 

 

$

448,000

 

Mohammed

 

6/16/08

 

6/5/08

 

 

$

279,153

(5)

Unlimited

 

 

 

 

25,000

 

125,000

 

$

4.75

 

$

464,038

 

Shanableh

 

11/15/08

 

10/3/08

 

 

 

 

 

66,000

 

66,000

 

133,000

 

 

 

$

297,920

 

Matthew Dillon

 

11/15/08

 

10/3/08

 

 

$

148,129

 

$

218,666

 

 

66,000

 

66,000

 

133,000

 

 

 

$

297,920

 

Gale England

 

11/15/08

 

10/3/08

 

 

$

88,212

 

$

130,218

 

 

16,667

 

16,667

 

33,333

 

 

 

$

74,666

 

Hassan M. Ahmed

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chuba Udokwu

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jocelyn Philbrook

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


(1)           Amounts reflect potential cash award amounts payable under our incentive compensation program for 2008 described above in “Compensation Discussion and Analysis.” Actual award amounts are set forth in the “Non-Equity Incentive Plan Compensation” column of the Summary Compensation Table.

 

(2)           Date on which Compensation Committee took action to approve the award.

 

(3)           Reflects total potential awards contingent upon us achieving certain performance metrics: (a) Dr. Nottenburg will be entitled to two performance stock awards of 250,000 shares each upon us achieving certain performance metrics between January 1, 2010 and December 31, 2012; and (b) Mr. Gaynor, Mr. Shanableh, Mr. Dillon and Mr. England will be entitled to three performance stock awards (each one third of the total target in the table above) contingent upon us achieving certain performance metrics for each of the three years ended December 31, 2010, 2011 and 2012.

 

(4)           Amounts reflect the fair value of the restricted stock awards and stock option grants as of the grant date. The terms of the grants are as follows: (a) Dr. Nottenburg was granted an option to purchase 500,000 shares of our common stock at an exercise price equal to the closing price of our common stock on the NASDAQ Global Select Market on the date of grant pursuant to his Employment Agreement described under “Employment, Severance and Change of Control Arrangements” below; (b) Mr. Shanableh was granted an award of 25,000 restricted shares on June 16, 2008 which vest over four years with 25% of the shares vesting on the anniversary of the grant date and in equal increments semi-annually thereafter; and an option to purchase 125,000 shares of our common stock at an exercise price of $4.75 per share, the closing price on the grant date, with 25% of the shares vesting on the first anniversary of the grant date and the remaining 75% vesting 2.0833% monthly; (c) Mr. Dillon, Mr. England, Mr. Gaynor and Mr. Shanableh were granted awards of 133,000, 33,333, 200,000 and 133,000 restricted shares, respectively, under the 2007 Plan, subject to the terms of the 2007 Plan pursuant to the severance and retention program and agreements described under “Employment, Severance and Change of Control Arrangements” below.

 

(5)           Target amount is calculated using Mr. Shanableh’s commission targets for 2008.

 

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Option Holdings

 

The following table sets forth information concerning stock options and unvested stock awards held by the Named Executive Officers as of December 31, 2008.

 

OUTSTANDING EQUITY AWARDS AT 2008 FISCAL YEAR-END

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Option Awards

 

 

 

 

 

Stock Awards

 

Equity
Incentive

 

Name

 

Number of
Securities
Underlying
Unexercised
Options (#)
Exercisable(1)

 

Number of
Securities
Underlying
Unexercised
Options (#)
Unexercisable(2)

 

Equity
Incentive
Plan Awards:
Number of
Securities
Underlying
Unexercised
Unearned
Options
(#)

 

Option
Exercise
Price
($)

 

Option
Expiration
Date

 

Number
of
Shares or
Units of
Stock that
Have Not
Vested
(#)(3)

 

Market
Value of
Shares or
Units of
Stock That
Have Not
Vested
($)(4)

 

Equity
Incentive
Plan Awards:
Number of
Unearned
Shares,
Units or
Other Rights
That Have
Not Vested
(#)

 

Plan
Awards:
Market or
Payout Value
of Unearned
Shares,
Units or
Other Rights
That Have
Not Vested
($)

 

Richard Nottenburg

 

 

500,000

 

 

$

4.75

 

6/16/2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

500,000

 

$

790,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

500,000

 

$

790,000

 

Richard J. Gaynor

 

102,083

 

247,917

 

 

$

5.98

 

10/15/2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

26,250

 

$

41,475

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

200,000

 

$

316,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

100,000

 

$

158,000

 

Mohammed Shanableh

 

110,000

 

 

 

$

5.79

 

9/20/2014

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

50,000

 

 

 

$

4.91

 

9/9/2015

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

20,000

 

 

 

$

5.37

 

9/15/2015

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

83,333

 

166,667

 

 

$

5.64

 

8/15/2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

125,000

 

 

$

4.75

 

6/16/2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

25,000

 

$

39,500

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

18,750

 

$

29,625

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

25,000

 

$

39,500

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

133,000

 

$

210,140

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

66,000

 

$

104,280

 

Matthew Dillon

 

1,660

 

 

 

$

4.48

 

5/27/2010

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

59,376

 

 

 

$

4.47

 

6/16/2013

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

90,624

 

 

 

$

5.21

 

6/16/2013

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

75,000

 

 

 

$

5.19

 

8/27/2014

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

100,000

 

 

 

$

4.87

 

6/17/2015

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

150,000

 

 

 

$

4.91

 

9/9/2015

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

72,917

 

27,083

 

 

$

4.91

 

1/9/2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

46,667

 

93,333

 

 

$

5.64

 

8/15/2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

18,750

 

$

29,625

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

133,000

 

$

210,140

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

66,000

 

$

104,280

 

Gale England

 

119,125

 

9,375

 

 

$

3.44

 

4/29/2015

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

23,333

 

46,667

 

 

$

5.64

 

8/15/2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

11,250

 

$

17,775

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

33,333

 

$

52,666

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

16,667

 

$

26,334

 

Hassan Ahmed(7)

 

813,000

 

 

 

$

3.33

 

3/15/2010

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

586,666

 

(5)

 

$

13.88

 

4/3/2011

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

53,334

 

(5)

 

$

24.50

 

4/3/2011

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

750,000

 

(6)

 

$

4.47

 

6/16/2013

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,250,000

 

(6)

 

$

4.79

 

6/16/2013

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

550,000

 

 

 

$

5.79

 

9/20/2014

 

 

 

 

 

Chuba Udokwu(8)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jocelyn Philbrook(9)

 

5,051

 

 

 

$

4.08

 

5/27/2010

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7,043

 

 

 

$

4.48

 

5/27/2010

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,365

 

 

 

$

4.08

 

5/27/2013

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

749

 

 

 

$

4.48

 

5/27/2013

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

9,896

 

 

 

$

4.47

 

6/16/2013

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

15,104

 

 

 

$

5.21

 

6/16/2013

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

23,783

 

 

 

$

5.19

 

8/27/2014

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

25,000

 

 

 

$

4.91

 

9/9/2015

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

15,000

 

 

 

$

5.37

 

9/15/2015

 

 

 

 

 

 


(1)                                  On December 21, 2005, upon the Compensation Committee’s recommendation, our Board approved the acceleration of vesting of unvested stock options having an exercise price per share of $4.00 or higher, granted under our stock option plan that are held by our current employees, including executive officers. As a result, unvested options for executive officers with an exercise price per share of $4.00 or higher were accelerated. The aggregate number of options accelerated for the executive officers was 2,765,417. Each executive officer who held options that were accelerated entered into a Resale Restriction Agreement, which restricts his or her sale of any shares obtained through

 

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the exercise of accelerated options before such time as vesting would otherwise have taken place absent the acceleration or, if earlier, the executive officer’s last day of employment with us.

 

(2)                                 (a) Of Dr. Nottenburg’s 500,000 unvested stock options, 125,000 stock options will vest on June 14, 2009 and 10,416 will vest on the 14th of each month beginning July 14, 2009 through June 14, 2012. (b) Of Mr. Gaynor’s 247,917 unvested stock options, 7,292 will vest on the first of each month through September 30, 2011. (c) Of Mr. Shanableh’s 166,667 unvested stock options from the August 15, 2007 grant, 5,208 stock options will vest monthly on the 15th of each month through August 15, 2011. Of Mr. Shanableh’s 125,000 unvested stock options from the June 16, 2008 grant, 31,250 stock options will vest on June 16, 2009 and 2,604 stock options will vest monthly on the 16th of each month beginning July 16, 2009 through June 16, 2012. (c) Of Mr. Dillon’s 27,083 unvested stock options from the January 9, 2006 grant, 2,083 stock options will vest monthly on the 9th of each month through January 9, 2010. Of Mr. Dillon’s 93,333 unvested stock options from the August 15, 2007 grant, 2,917 will vest monthly on the 15th of each month through August 15, 2011. (d) Of Mr. England’s 9,375 unvested stock options from the April 29, 2005 grant, 2,677 stock options will vest monthly on the 15th of each month through April, 2009. Of Mr. England’s 46,667 unvested stock options from the August 15, 2007 grant, 1,458 stock options will vest monthly on the 15th of each month through August 15, 2011.

 

(3)                                 Dr. Nottenburg’s 500,000 unvested shares of restricted stock will vest as follows:

 

Vest Date

 

Shares

 

June 13, 2009

 

125,000

 

December 13, 2009

 

62,500

 

June 13, 2010

 

62,500

 

December 13, 2010

 

62,500

 

June 13, 2011

 

62,500

 

December 13, 2011

 

62,500

 

June 13, 2012

 

62,500

 

 

Mr. Gaynor’s 226,250 unvested shares of restricted stock will vest as follows:

 

Vest Date

 

Shares

 

April 1, 2009

 

4,375

 

September 15, 2009

 

50,000

 

October 1, 2009

 

4,375

 

April 1, 2010

 

4,375

 

September 15, 2010

 

50,000

 

October 1, 2010

 

4,375

 

April 1, 2011

 

4,375

 

September 15, 2011

 

100,000

 

October 1, 2011

 

4,375

 

 

Mr. Shanableh’s 201,750 unvested shares of restricted stock will vest as follows:

 

Vest Date

 

Shares

 

February 14, 2009

 

6,250

 

February 15, 2009

 

3,125

 

June 16, 2009

 

6,250

 

August 14, 2009

 

6,250

 

August 15, 2009

 

3,125

 

September 15, 2009

 

33,250

 

December 16, 2009

 

3,125

 

February 14, 2010

 

6,250

 

February 15, 2010

 

3,125

 

June 16, 2010

 

3,125

 

August 14, 2010

 

6,250

 

August 15, 2010

 

3,125

 

September 15, 2010

 

33,250

 

December 16, 2010

 

3,125

 

February 15, 2011

 

3,125

 

June 16, 2011

 

3,125

 

September 15, 2011

 

66,500

 

August 15, 2011

 

3,125

 

December 16, 2011

 

3,125

 

June 16, 2012

 

3,125

 

 

Mr. Dillon’s 151,750 unvested shares of restricted stock will vest as follows:

 

Vest Date

 

Shares

 

February 15, 2009

 

3,125

 

August 15, 2009

 

3,125

 

September 15, 2009

 

33,250

 

February 15, 2010

 

3,125

 

August 15, 2010

 

3,125

 

September 15, 2010

 

33,250

 

February 15, 2011

 

3,125

 

August 15, 2011

 

3,125

 

September 15, 2011

 

66,500

 

 

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Mr. England’s 44,583 unvested shares of restricted stock will vest as follows:

 

Vest Date

 

Shares

 

February 15, 2009

 

1,875

 

August 15, 2009

 

1,875

 

September 15, 2009

 

8,334

 

February 15, 2010

 

1,875

 

August 15, 2010

 

1,875

 

September 15, 2010

 

8,333

 

February 15, 2011

 

1,875

 

August 15, 2011

 

1,875

 

September 15, 2011

 

16,666

 

 

(4)                                 In accordance with SEC rules, the market value of unvested shares of restricted stock is determined by multiplying the number of such shares by $1.58, the closing market price of our common stock on December 31, 2008.

 

(5)                                 On August 2, 2007, we filed our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2006. In connection with this filing, we determined that the correct grant date of the April 3, 2001 grant to Mr. Ahmed was August 3, 2001. Pursuant to the terms of Mr. Ahmed’s Consent, the exercise price for the portion of that option vesting after December 31, 2004 (representing 53,334 shares) was increased from $13.875 to $24.50, reflecting the closing price of our stock on August 3, 2001. The option remains exercisable for 586,666 shares at the original exercise price of $13.875 a share.

 

(6)                                 On August 2, 2007, we filed our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2006. In connection with this filing, we determined that the correct grant date of the June 16, 2003 grant to Mr. Ahmed was June 18, 2003. Pursuant to the terms of Mr. Ahmed’s Consent, the exercise price for the portion of that option vesting after December 31, 2004 (representing 1,250,000 shares) was increased from $4.47 to $4.79, reflecting the closing price of our stock on June 18, 2003. Also, pursuant to the terms of the Consent, Mr. Ahmed became entitled to receive in January 2008 a cash payment of $400,000, which is the amount of the aggregate increase in the exercise price of the 1,250,000 shares. The option remains exercisable for 750,000 shares at the original exercise price of $4.47 a share.

 

(7)                                  On November 14, 2007, we entered into a Retention and Restricted Stock Agreement with our then current President, Chief Executive Officer and Chairman, Mr. Ahmed. On December 11, 2008, Mr. Ahmed was terminated without cause and as a result of such termination Mr. Ahmed is entitled to receive the following under the Retention and Restricted Stock Agreement: (i) 375,000 of his shares of restricted stock immediately vested, (ii) his unvested stock options will continue to vest over the 18 month period following the date of termination and thereafter will remain outstanding and exercisable for the lesser of 18 months from the date of termination or the life of the option and (iii) vested and unexercised options will remain outstanding and exercisable for the lesser of 18 months from the date of termination or the life of the option.

 

(8)                                 Due to the termination of Mr. Udokwu’s employment with us, any remaining awards did not vest and have been forfeited.

 

(9)                                 On June 24, 2008, we entered into a Separation of Employment Letter with our then current Vice President, Marketing and Investor Relations, Ms. Philbrook. On June 30, 2008, Ms. Philbrook was terminated without cause and as a result of such termination Ms. Philbrook is entitled to receive the following payments under the Separation Letter: (i) 25,000 shares of restricted stock granted on August 15, 2007 and 15,625 shares of restricted stock granted on August 14, 2006 immediately vested, subject to shares to be returned to us to cover withholding taxes and (ii) vested and unexercised options will remain outstanding and exercisable for the lesser of 12 months from the date of termination or the life of the option.

 

Option Exercises and Stock Vested.  The following table summarizes for the Named Executive Officers in 2008 (i) the number of shares acquired upon exercise of stock options and the value realized and (ii) the number of shares acquired upon the vesting of restricted stock and the value realized, before payout of any applicable withholding tax.

 

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Table of Contents

 

2008 OPTION EXERCISES AND STOCK VESTED

 

 

 

Option Awards

 

Stock Awards

 

 

 

Number of
Shares Acquired
on Exercise
(#)

 

Value Realized
on Exercise
($)

 

Number of
Shares Acquired
on Vesting
(#)(1)

 

Value Realized
on Vesting
($)(2)

 

Richard N. Nottenburg

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

Richard J. Gaynor

 

 

$

 

8,750

 

$

25,200

 

Mohammed Shanableh